Mary Faulds

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Walter E. Pidgeon, Illustration from The Eureka Stockade by Raffaello Carboni, Sunnybrook Press, 1942, offset print.
Art Gallery of Ballarat, purchased 1994.


Mary Faulds was from Glasgow, Scotland. [1] She died in 1897, aged 69.[2] She was married to Matthew Faulds.

Matthew Faulds died on the 26th June 1884, his wife died on the 17th December 1897 at the age of 71.[3]

Goldfields Involvement, 1854

Mary and Matthew Faulds had improved their tent on the stockade site by building a stone and iron chimney to help with cooking and heating. At the time of the attack Mary Faulds was pregnant and in labour. They had decided to stay in their tent for the pregnancy because they believed the troops would not attack "on the Sabbath day". When the first shots rang out, Matthew her husband, rolled two logs on either side of her, laid a blanket over her and sat beside her during the attack. A trooper on horseback slashed the tent with his sword, saw she was in labour and rode away. Miraculously apart from the dust, smoke, noise and the occasional bullet whizzing through the tent, they were left alone. Their daughter Adeliza Faulds was born during or shortly after the battle.[4] There is no official record of the baby's birth, but the child named Adeliza, always celebrated her birthday on 03 December 1854. [5]

Post 1854 Experiences

The family moved to Magpie near Ballarat after the gold petered out. Adeliza Faulds married Charles Archer on the 2nd October 1880. She moved to Sydney and died at the age of 81 on the 16th January 1935. She was known as the "Eureka baby" and returned to Ballarat to join in the 50th anniversary celebrations on the 3rd December 1904. At the celebrations Adeliza recalled that as a young girl she was taken to the miners graves at the Ballarat cemetery by an old digger and told to "Never, never forget".[6]

At the 50th anniversary of the Eureka Stockade Adeliza Faulds recalled her mother stating that 'the soldiers were a lot of flash youngsters who would kill a man as readily as they would kill a chicken.[7]


Research and writer Rex Harcourt is the great grandson of Mary Faulds.[8]

See also

Eureka 50, 1904

Adeliza Faulds

Matthew Faulds

Women of Eureka

Further Reading

Corfield, J., Wickham, D., & Gervasoni, C. The Eureka Encyclopaedia, Ballarat Heritage Services, 2004.

Dorothy Wickham, Women in 'Ballarat' 1851-1871: A Case Study in Agency, PhD. School of Behavioural and Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Ballarat, March 2008.

Dorothy Wickham, Blood, Sweat and Tears: Women of Eureka in Journal of Australian Colonial History, 10, No, 1, 2008, pp. 99-115.

Dorothy Wickham, Women of the Diggings: Ballarat 1854, BHSPublishing, 2009.,_Sweat_and_Tears:_Women_at_Eureka

Clare Wright, The Forgotten Rebels of Eureka, Text Publishing, 2013.

Dorothy Wickham, Not just a Pretty Face: Women on the Goldfields, in Pay Dirt: Ballarat & Other Gold Towns, BHSPublishing, 2019, pp. 25-36.


  1. Blake, Gregory, To Pierce the Tyrant's Heart, Australian Military History Publications, 2009, p.172.
  2. Supplement to the Ballarat Courier, 27 March 1998, p.6.
  5. Supplement to the Ballarat Courier, 27 March 1998, p.6.
  7. Blake, Gregory, To Pierce the Tyrant's Heart, Australian Military History Publications, 2009, p.179.
  8. The Age, 25 November 1994.

External links

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Caption, Reference.