Sarah Candish was born in June 1832 at Pimlico, London, England to Joseph Candish (1800-1868) and Charlotte Smith (1802-1858). Sarah arrived in Port Jackson on 1 January 1833 on the ship Palambam with her father Joseph Candish, a cabinet maker, her mother Charlotte Candish and older brother Frederick Candish aged five. Sarah Charlotte Candish married Colville Armstrong on 10 January 1849 in Melbourne. They produced the following children: Sarah b. 1850 Melbourne; Elizabeth b. 1852 Melbourne; Joseph b. 7 November 1854 Chewton; Elizabeth b. 1857 Castlemaine, d. 10 September 1951 Ballarat; Jane b. 1858 Castlemaine, d. 26 March 1866 Chewton; Charlotte b. 24 March 1861 Castlemaine,d. 12 September 1955 • Cheltenham, Victoria; Thomas b. 1863 Castlemaine,d.1935 Creswick; Colville b.26 May 1866 Chewton, d.13 May 1962 Kangaroo Flat; Hume b. 1868 Chewton, d.19 January 1959 Berrigan, New South Wales, Australia; Jane b.1871 Chewton, Victoria, d.2 MAR 1965 Morley, Western Australia, Australia. Colville Armstrong committed suicide in 1889 at Junction Reservoir near Chewton.
Goldfields Involvement, 1853-1854
Sarah's husband, Colville Armstrong, signed the 1853 Bendigo Goldfields Petition. Agitation of the Victorian goldfields started with the Forest Creek Monster Meeting in 1851, but what became known as the Red Ribbon Movement was centred around the Bendigo goldfields in 1853. The Anti-Gold License Association was formed at Bendigo in June 1853, led by George Thomson, Dr D.G. Jones and 'Captain' Edward Browne. The association focused its attention on the 30 shillings monthly licence fee miners were required to pay to the government. They drew up a petition outlining digger grievances and called for a reduced licence fee, improved law and order, the right to vote and the right to buy land. The petition was signed by diggers at Bendigo, Ballarat, Castlemaine, McIvor (Heathcote), Mount Alexander (Harcourt) and other diggings. The 13 metre long petition was presented to Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe in Melbourne on the 01 August 1853, but their call for a reduction in monthly licence fees and land reform for diggers was rejected. The diggers dissatisfaction erupted into the Red Ribbon Rebellion where agitators wore red ribbons on their hats symbolising their defiance of the law and prohibitive licence fees.
Post 1854 Experiences
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